Monday, May 12, 2014

Monday's Molecule #240

Last week's molecule (right) [Monday's Molecule #239] was 2-carboxy-D-arabinitol 1-phosphate. It's an inhibitor of the enzyme ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase, better known as Rubisco. That's the key enzyme responsible for CO2 fixation in the Calvin cycle. Plants have to inhibit Rubisco during the night when the lack of sunlight prevents production of ATP and NADPH by photosynthesis. One of the ways they inhibit the enzyme is to produce 2-carboxy-D-arabinitol 1-phosphate at night. The winner is Piotr Gąsiorowski.

This week's molecule (below) is pretty complicated. I don't expect a complete name; just concentrate on getting the correct name of the core part of the molecule on the left. In addition to identifying the molecule, you need to explain what it is used for and, specifically, the purpose of the -N3 group in the lower left corner of the molecule.

Email your answer to me at: Monday's Molecule #239. The first one with the correct answer wins. I will only post the names of winners to avoid embarrassment. The winner will be treated to a free lunch.

There could be two winners. If the first correct answer isn't from an undergraduate student then I'll select a second winner from those undergraduates who post the correct answer. You will need to identify yourself as an undergraduate in order to win. (Put "undergraduate" at the bottom of your email message.)

In order to win you must post your correct name. Anonymous and pseudoanonymous commenters can't win the free lunch.

Winners will have to contact me by email to arrange a lunch date.

Comments are now open.

UPDATE: This week's molecule is a derivative of 2′-deoxythymidine triphosphate that's used in DNA sequencing reactions. The derivative has a 3′-O-azidomethyl group so that when this nucleotide is incorporated into a growing chain it cannot be extended because the 3′ -OH group is blocked. This is a chain-termination derivative. The large group attached to the methyl group at the C5 position on the thymine base is a color compound (a fluor). When this nucleotide is incorporated it stops chain growth, makes the DNA visible, and indicates that there's a T in the last position. The winner is James Wagstaff, an undergraduate at a university very far away from here. He's welcome to fly over for lunch.

Nov. 2009: Jason Oakley, Alex Ling
Oct. 17: Bill Chaney, Roger Fan
Oct. 24: DK
Oct. 31: Joseph C. Somody
Nov. 7: Jason Oakley
Nov. 15: Thomas Ferraro, Vipulan Vigneswaran
Nov. 21: Vipulan Vigneswaran (honorary mention to Raul A. Félix de Sousa)
Nov. 28: Philip Rodger
Dec. 5: 凌嘉誠 (Alex Ling)
Dec. 12: Bill Chaney
Dec. 19: Joseph C. Somody
Jan. 9: Dima Klenchin
Jan. 23: David Schuller
Jan. 30: Peter Monaghan
Feb. 7: Thomas Ferraro, Charles Motraghi
Feb. 13: Joseph C. Somody
March 5: Albi Celaj
March 12: Bill Chaney, Raul A. Félix de Sousa
March 19: no winner
March 26: John Runnels, Raul A. Félix de Sousa
April 2: Sean Ridout
April 9: no winner
April 16: Raul A. Félix de Sousa
April 23: Dima Klenchin, Deena Allan
April 30: Sean Ridout
May 7: Matt McFarlane
May 14: no winner
May 21: no winner
May 29: Mike Hamilton, Dmitri Tchigvintsev
June 4: Bill Chaney, Matt McFarlane
June 18: Raul A. Félix de Sousa
June 25: Raul A. Félix de Sousa
July 2: Raul A. Félix de Sousa
July 16: Sean Ridout, William Grecia
July 23: Raul A. Félix de Sousa
July 30: Bill Chaney and Raul A. Félix de Sousa
Aug. 7: Raul A. Félix de Sousa
Aug. 13: Matt McFarlane
Aug. 20: Stephen Spiro
Aug. 27: Raul A. Félix de Sousa
Sept. 3: Matt McFarlane
Sept. 10: Matt Talarico
Sept. 17: no winner
Sept. 24: Mikkel Rasmussen
Oct. 1: John Runnels
Oct. 8: Raúl Mancera
Oct. 15: Raul A. Félix de Sousa
Oct. 22: Mikkel Rasmussen
Nov. 12: Seth Kasowitz, Bill Gunn
Nov. 19: Michael Rasmussen
Dec. 4: Paul Clapham, Jacob Toth
Dec. 10: Jacob Toth
Dec. 17: Bill Chaney, Dima Klenchin, Bill Gunn
Jan. 14: Evey Salara
Jan. 21: Piotr Gasiorowski
March 11: Bill Gunn, River Jiang
March 18: Bill Gunn
April 8: Michael Florea
April 15: no winner
April 29: Anders Ernberg
May 6: Alex Ling, Michael Florea
May 13: Bill Chaney
June 24: Michael Florea
July 2: Matt McFarlane
July 8: no winner
July 15: Rosie Redfield, Thuc Quyen Huynh
July 22: Jacob Toth
July 29: Alex Ling, Matt McFarlane
August 5: Brian Shewchuk
Sept. 2: no winner
Sept. 9: Bill Chaney
Sept. 16: Zhimeng Yu
Sept. 23: Mark Sturtevant, Jacob Toth
Sept. 30: Susan Heaphy
Oct. 7: Piotr Gasiorowski, Jacob Troth
Oct. 14: Jean-Marc Neuhaus
Oct. 21: Jean-Marc Neuhaus
Oct. 28, 2013: Zhimeng Yu
Nov. 10, 2013: Caroline Josefsson, Andrew Wallace
Nov. 18, 2013: Dean Bruce, Ariel Gershon
Nov. 25, 2013: Jon Nuelle, Ariel Gershon
Dec. 2, 2013: Jean-Marc Neuhaus
Dec. 9, 2013: Bill Gunn
Dec. 16, 2013: Piotr Gasiorowski
Jan. 13, 2014: Tom Mueller
Jan. 20, 2014: Tommy Stuleanu
Jan. 27, 2014: Bill Gunn, Ariel Gershon
March 3, 2014: Keith Conover, Nevraj Kejiou
March 10, 2014: Philip Johnson
March 17, 2014: Jean-Marc Neuhaus
March 24, 2014: Frank Schmidt, Raul Félix de Sousa
March 31, 2014: Jon Binkley
April 7, 2014: no winner
April 21, 2014: Dean Bruce
April 28, 2014: Dean Bruce
May 5, 2014: Piotr Gąsiorowski
May 12, 2014: James Wagstaff

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